National Performance Indicator History
Background and implementation
Australia and New Zealand, urban and rural roads serve communities in many ways and are an essential ingredient for social interaction, trade and local and national socio-economic development. The road network provides mobility for the work, business, education and leisure activities that are the key ingredients of modern life.
In recognising this, with road transport accounting for the majority of total transport consumption, the road system must be managed effectively to contribute to the international competitiveness of Australia and New Zealand. To achieve this, road authorities must ensure that the road system functions efficiently in order to maximise the productivity of import competing and exporting industries. Australian and New Zealand road authorities actively pursue policies aimed at providing more effective and efficient services. They also aim to integrate transport and land-use planning more effectively, recognise the need for ecologically sustainable development and the need to minimise the adverse impacts of road transport to the environment, health, personal safety and material damage.
In 1993, Austroads defined the role and key outcomes of the road system, and from this sought to develop and implement a rigorous set of national performance indicators for the road system and road authorities. The indicators were selected following an exhaustive process of consultation with stakeholders including the road transport industry. They best represent the economic, social, safety and environmental performance of the road system and road authorities.
Austroads National Performance Indicators reports benchmarking performance data for the road system and road authorities in Australia and New Zealand.
In response to the needs of its stakeholders, Austroads developed a comprehensive performance management framework within which road system and member road authority performance may be benchmarked. Developed in consultation with key stakeholders, the framework comprises a role statement (below) identifying the primary purpose and function of the road system, a list of outcomes reflecting stakeholder expectations of the road system, and a set of performance indicators providing the specificity required for benchmarking purposes.
The use of performance indicators will demonstrate the performance of the road system and its contribution to economic and social development, as well as the performance of individual road authorities.
Austroads Council endorsed a full review of the National Performance Indicators which was completed in January 2005. Pending the outcome of this review, Council members agreed that data for the following indicators would not be collected for the 2002-03 period.
User Transaction Additional Cost Driver Licenses
3.5 Use Transaction Additional Cost for Vehicle Registration
5.1.1 Greenhouse Gas Emissions per VKT
5.1.2 Overall CO2- equivalent emissions
5.2 Traffic Noise Exposure All Roads
6.2 Achievement Index
6.3.1 Return on Non Road Intervention Decision
9.1 User Cost Distance Passenger Car
9.2 User Cost Distance Urban freight
9.3 User Cost Distance Rural Freight
9.4 User Cost Distance Urban Courier
The review was not of a technical nature. Rather it brought together the combined experience and expertise of key staff in Austroads member organisations in order to reach consensus. Criteria were developed covering relevance, feasibility and comparability across jurisdictions, reflecting broad agreement as to the purpose of the NPIs.
In summary, for the 72 key national performance indicators, the review determined that 46 (64%) largely meet the criteria of being relevant, feasible to collect and comparable and accordingly should be retained. It was agreed that of this group nine (13%) required some modification. Of the remainder, 10 (14%) did not meet the criteria but covered important outcome areas and should be replaced with new indicators which need to be developed. Sixteen (22%) should be abandoned altogether.
It has been agreed that work required to review, modify or develop new indicators or groups of indicators be undertaken as projects within the relevant Austroads program.
The collection of data for the following indicators will not continue:
4.1 Road Maintenance Effectiveness
Effectiveness Urban (110NRM)
Road Maintenance Effectiveness Rural (110NRM)
Road Maintenance Effectiveness All (110NRM)
Road Maintenance Effectiveness Urban (140NRM)
Road Maintenance Effectiveness Rural (140NRM)
Road Maintenance Effectiveness All (140NRM)
7.5 Actual Travel Speed (Rural)
7.6 Nominal Travel Speed (Rural)
8.3 Lane Occupancy Rate (Freight)
To access NPI statistics go to NPI Charts/tables
Role Statement — The Road System
The road system comprises the road network and its users (vehicles, drivers and pedestrians), as well as vehicle loadings of passengers and freight. It is an integral part of the transport system and plays a significant role in achieving effective land-use and regional development, and contributing to the overall performance and social functioning of the community.
In contributing to the community’s broad economic, social, defence and environmental goals, the principal role of the road system is:
‘to facilitate interaction between people and the exchange of goods and services by providing effective, equitable, land-based accessibility to a wide range of places, and by enabling safe, reliable mobility of people and transport of goods with the efficiency required to compete in the global economy’.
First Published 1995
Second Edition 1996
Third Edition 1996
Fourth Edition 1997
Fifth Edition 1998
Sixth Edition 1999
Seventh Edition 2001
© Austroads Ltd 2011
This work is copyright. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968,
no part may be reproduced by any process without prior written permission from Austroads.
Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed to the:
Level 9, 287 Elizabeth Street, Sydney NSW 2000
Phone: +61 2 9264 7088
Fax: +61 2 9264 1657
Data Collection Contact Personnel
Marie Leitch / Andrew Graham, RMS NSW
Gerry Flanagan / Asha Pask, VicRoads
Richard Klysz, DTMR Qld
Alan Colegate / Louis Bettini, MR WA
Tony Corns, DPTI SA
Jan Lang, DIER Tas
Debbie Hendry / Junn DeGuzman, DOT NT
Mano Ram, NZTA
David Francis, Austroads
Austroads gratefully acknowledges the contribution made by staff of member organisations.